HR 676 – Congress Proposal to open Medicare to Everyone
~James Dunn

Contact your Congressman (below) to voice your desire for Medicare to be available to EVERYONE; you pay for it, why shouldn’t you have it to use if you need it?

I’ve NOT seen anything in the newspapers, on TV, or heard anything on the radio. I found out about this through a physician that is lobbying for health care reform. Insurance companies will be lobbying against this, we the People must lobby our Representatives to make sure they understand our position on health care reform. Open Medicare for EVERYONE’s benefit.

Physicians for healthcare reform:…

The people not covered by Medicare are 18 to 65, the lowest health risk group that also pays for all of Medicare. In the last 30 years I’ve only seen a doctor once. Yet I pay for medicare continuously.

Given that BlueCross/BlueShield provides supplemental health to cover everything that Medicare doesn’t cover for about $100 a month, why wouldn’t we want Medicare as our National Healthcare?

Contact all your Representatives to support H.R. 676

To find & email your specific Congressmen and Senators:

Your State’s Congressmen

Your States’ Senators…

To email Congressman all across the United States:…

To talk directly with the staff of your representatives:

(202) 225-3121 for the House
(202) 224-3121 for the Senate

Email this content to everyone you know, or send them this link:

Call everyone on your cell phone contact list, and have them call everyone on their cell phone.

We MUST be heard, but we MUST speak to be heard !!!
Scam Alert: & 20 other Credit Card scams

~James Dunn

Content involuntarily deleted from Yahoo blog pages

Using CNC to teach Project Management techniques
~James Dunn

One of the most difficult things we do is make a decision. I’ve previously mentioned the Result Managment tool I had developed. I’ve had the opportunity to develop general Project Management tools to meet the needs of students entering an Engineering program.

Computer Numerical Control machining, including laboratories – Part 1

Computer Numerical Control machining, including laboratories – Part 2

Within the links on the above pages is a section with the heading “Project Management”. You can download forms for tracking the development of almost any project, and more. The following is an excerpt.

Project Management

Craigs List for Cell Phones, with Cell Phone Features
~James Dunn

Craigs List is a free advertising service for the public. You can post whatever you want to sell and buy virtually anything you want. Even in your local neighborhood.

Cell phones can be utilized to provide young people with business opportunities. Craigs List style listings can be generated on cell phones with a search option based upon cell phone GPS location.

So people that want their car washed, grass cut, laundry done, babysitting, shovel snow, garden tended, … can list their needs on the cell phone program and young people can match up to them based upon how close they live to the GPS location. For example a search radius of one mile allows a young person to choose work to do up to one mile from their current GPS location.

Also, many other business opportuities for young people can be generated through cell phone enterprise. For instance developing parties, sporting events, study groups, … it might be nice to have a couple of boats available at a skiing party, but their current circle of friends only has one.

Creating transportation resources so young people can get around without a car:


Creating a Compass for Cell Phones
~James Dunn

Inspired by eFontana


[Google Android is an open architecture software that allows home grown software developers to create applications for cell phones. Anyone (you, me, anyone) can create applications to do whatever your imagination allows.

A software developer asked about having a digital compass chip included in cell phones for developers to use in their applications. The following was my input to provide them with a workable solution that doesn’t require cooperation with manufacturers to achieve his goals.]


A MEMS chip can be a collection of sensors (temperature, accelerometer (x,y,z), atmospheric pressure, Hall effect sensor (compass), …) all built into the same chip. In mass production the chip could be relatively inexpensive.….

However, an Android shortcut would be to use the GPS sensor and your relative direction of travel to produce a compass bearing over 100 feet of uniform travel. For each model of cell phone the antenna sensitivity changes as you rotate the cell phone about a point. This could potentially be tied in with relative position movement to estimate a compass bearing about a point.

But as I said, the lookup table would be different for each model of cell phone (i.e. the user would have to complete a calibration mode and then spin themselves 360 degrees around where they are standing; this would need to be done for each location to load the data sensativity into a lookup table).

This type of engineering where you take two sensors with low resolution to combine their results to provide greater resolution is called “Sensor Fusion”.

Basically a cell phone antenna signal does NOT have the same signal profile when you rotate left versus rotate right. This can be capitalized upon to determine the relative bearing of which the compass is facing. Coupled with the cell phone GPS the relative bearing can be referenced to the true bearing. A lookup table can provide a correction factor and thereby produce Magnetic Bearing; vis vi Compass.


By using the variable signal profile, it is useful for when a dedicated compass sensor is not available in the cell phone. The variability due to a persons body, phone orientation, obstructions, transponder location relative to cell phone, … all have to be taken into consideration to make a useful product.

One potentially useful scenario might be:

Instructions for using compass.

“Walk in a straight line in the direction the top of the cell phone is pointing; choose a target to walk toward and hold the cell phone flat like you would any mechanical compass. The cell phone will beep when you arrive at the calibration position.”

“After hearing the beep, rotate about your position smoothly and slowly (4 seconds, 1 second and 1 beep for each 90 degrees), until you return to face your starting position. The display will automatically display the compass bearing around this position.”

“If you move more than 15 feet from this position, the compass bearing will be removed from the display until Calibration is done for a new position. This prevents the user from using old data.”

This would be done every time a person wanted a compass bearing.

At this one position, they could rotate back and forth and get compass bearing information. When the GPS sensed any new position, the Compass would replace the compass readout with “Perform Calibration”.

They would have to repeat calibration every time they wanted a compass bearing unless higher level algorithms are running in the background while the user is walking. Updating lookup table(s) with information to derive similar data from moment to moment.

Again, this scenario is only useful if a compass sensor is not available in the cell phone. Which is almost all cell phones made today.

But I agree, if a compound MEMS chip (with Mag sensor) were incorporated in cell phones then this sensor fusion option would be unnecessary.

Neutralizing Ambient Noise & Stimulating Emotions
~James Dunn
250 magnify

We are always looking for a more immersed experience. People attend concerts where the volume is so loud that it damages their hearing; but they can feel the music. I attended a Yes/Donovan concert many years ago and the paper cup of Coke I was holding was forming droplets from its center. I’ve only attended one such concert and I won’t attend another because I want to hear the subtle nuances of music and I need good hearing to enjoy Shakira, classical, and jazz.

However, I would like the more immersive experience without the health hazards. Maybe even enjoy other feelings based experiences bordering upon communicating emotions.

Imagine having the sub-sonic percussion similar to the ones you feel at a concert, but no one around you feels or hears hardly anything at all.

Imagine being on a bus trying to watch and listen to your iPod, mp3 player, or cell phone; with a baby wailing a couple of seats from you and kids playing and giggling behind you. Distracting? Just a bit. Other places you might want an immersive experience is at the spa, gym, home, an uninteresting event, virtual gaming, at the office working on a project that has a short deadline and it has got to get finished, …

An almost totally immersive experience is possible using currently available technologies.

In the 1970’s, a company produced a bone conduction speaker system called the Bone Phone. You could plug your ears and clearly hear an FM Radio, while everyone around you could only hear a low volume version. It’s original version was a long rectangular and flexible package that you laid around your neck and over your shoulders. For a while it was popular amongst skiers. Sub-sonics could be felt.

The product has morphed into a small ear mounted piece that positions itself in front of your ear, not on or in your ear. I do not know as yet if the new version is capable of sub-sonics and at what amplitudes.

You can purchase Head Mounted Displays from different manufactures like i-Glass; with products like i-theater.

The head position sensors are built into many units, providing a virtual experience where as you turn your head the computer presents a changing view, as is done in real life. In-expensive sensors can be purchased to augment other features like hand and finger movements.

Prices range widely across the industry, from as little as $25 for a black and white monocle with 325×240 resolution, to over $32,000 for a military version with precision head movement sensors and optional see-through capability.

But a modest unit suitable for an iPod runs between $200 and $1,000 and thus provides the equivalent of a 60″ high resolution full color flat panel display, which includes in-ear stereo speakers; Nice. Imagine the quality improvement of an airplane Flight Simulator. Allowing you to look around in your environment without having to use toggle switches.

Now bring into view the old Bone Phone. The Bone Phone conducts sound physically through your bones. You can feel the low frequencies; the sub-sonics. While home theaters sometimes use transducers to provide a physical connection with the movie.

Where they use the LFE channel or sub-woofer port to drive the transducer.


The low frequency effects/enhancement (LFE) channel has been introduced [in home stereo systems] together with the current digital multichannel consumer distribution formats. A primary motivation for it is headroom. The LFE channel is meant to carry only very low frequency contents, below about 120 Hz. Due to the properties of hearing the sound pressure levels needed at these low frequencies in order to achieve a certain perceived loudness can be quite high. And explosions, earthquakes etc. are supposed to be loud. So instead of increasing the headroom of the five main channels in order to make room for these loud low frequency effects a separate channel was introduced. The nominal playback gain of the LFE channel is about 10 dB higher than for the main channels, so this enables a higher sound pressure level for the LFE channel given the same dynamic range of the transmission channel or storage media. At playback the LFE signal will typically be fed to a sub-woofer, possibly together with some low frequency content from the five main channels.

In cinema practice, however, a sixth channel also exists, but with the purpose of feeding the sub-woofer directly. Also this channel has its dynamics range shifted upwards by 10 dB.”

For a portable system this is not available. So the bone phone with a 10db pre-amp and a sub-woofer style filter, would allow the user to feel the sub-woofer effects of any media they are viewing/hearing; without disturbing anyone else.

Now couple this immersive experience with sound cancellation technologies. Like that used in small aircraft communication head gear. Or that used by some audiophiles.

The noise cancellation coupled with sound insulation significantly reduces the ambient sounds of babies crying, kids playing, engines running, … With the bone phone over-riding ambient vibrations felt by the user, and vision all but completely obscured by the i-Glass head gear; the user is close to being isolated from their distractive environment.

However, for truly loud ambient noise levels, a White-noise generator on the exterior of the headset would soften the truly loud noises. Allowing the noise cancellation electronics to neutralize the ambient sounds further. This is well-understood and easily produced.

This immersive system is not difficult to put together, all of the pieces already exist.

Include a library of subsonic sounds to promote various emotional responses. Sounds as you see in movies, provides a great deal of control over our emotions. By including a library of subsonic sounds for programming in with software media, a new level of interactive media evolves.

Now include The Data Egg and you have a virtual environement that you can take on the run, literally. The Data Egg is a single hand keyboard that allows the user to do data entry, literally while running. It was first introduced back in the 1980’s.

Various parts of this system could be put together to meet the needs of various users.

For example:

Game Designers could add feelings to their play strategies. A player could feel like someone is watching them. Or they could feel impending danger, and which direction it’s coming from. Players could feel social interactions.

Military Equipment Manufacturers could provide soldiers with extra-sensory perceptions. The soldiers could feel when entering a dangerous area where previous interactions took place. A soldier could feel when a person is not telling the truth. A soldier could feel when a person is behind them and in which direction. A soldier could feel when a person is carrying a concealed weapon. These things would just be existing detectors being coupled into a subsonic transducer and using bone conduction.

Health Professionals could be given tools for counseling. Providing married couples with a tool to sense one anothers’ various feelings while they discuss issues. Allowing a physician to sense when a person actually has pain, versus someone who is simply seeking drugs to get high.

Technicians and Engineers needing a virtual environment to quickly troubleshoot factory systems. Like the steel industry where losses of $30,000 per minute mean real savings for each minute saved in getting the system back online. All the schematics for the factory can be digitally held in the head mounted unit, with Wi-Fi providing current updates on the status of sensors, switches, and controls all over the facility.

Table of Contents – a method of conserving bandwidth usage
~James Dunn

Multiply support has been responsive to issues members have brought up. Yahoo has been unresponsive, so I will again request a simple tool for users to organize their blog pages; but this time from Multiply.

Please include a “Table of Contents” module with a link labeled “Table of Contents” located at the top of every blog page.

Member inspiration occurs randomly with time. Therefore blog entries are random both in content and type. The random nature of reading blog pages is annoying, and requires a great deal of Multiply available bandwidth.

A simple blog tool that would automatically grab the blog page title and associate that pages’ URL

[a href=”″%5DTable of Contents[/a]

and open the Table of Contents to let the member drop that linked text under a member configurable heading is desparately needed. See

for an example.

The member would be allowed to copy and paste any linked text to more than one location; such as Activities and Location.
Table of Contents

Family Stuff

* Whatever

Things to Do

* City
o Phoenix
+ Activities (a title composed by Member)
# Celebrations (a title composed by Member)
* New Years (a link to Member blog page)
* Fourth of July (a link to Member blog page)
# Nightclubs
# Restaurants
o Tulsa
+ Activities (a title composed by Member)
# Celebrations (a title composed by Member)
* New Years (a link to a Member blog page)
* Fourth of July (a link to a Member blog page)
# Nightclubs
# Restaurants

Another natural feature is that the linked text is de-highlighted when guests click on that particular linked text (cookie associated with links). So each guest will independently know what pages they have already reviewed (conserving available Multiply bandwidth).

This is easily scripted and provides a much needed tool in the blogging community. Web designers can use any number of methods to implement this tool. The best implementation being a module that allows drag and drop utility.

This is so simple, I can’t believe it isn’t commonly available. But a Table of Contents tool is desparately needed in the blogging community.

Obviously “Table of Contents” features can always be added (ask me and I’ll provide lots of options), but having a simple tool to begin with is vital for any Journal, especially one that is is informational, and 300 or more pages. Imagine having to cruise through blog pages looking for interesting content from a dial-up connection! Scanning links is much more efficient and uses far less bandwidth.

A “Table of Contents” allows Multiply to conserve its’ overall bandwidth usage, and provides Members with an industry unique tool.

James Dunn


The above was sent to Nov 5, 2007 at 4:45 am, however, I had sent Yahoo a request for a Table of Contents tool earlier this year (on file) and it was documented in my 360 Tips and Tricks blog page.

Insulated Metal Roofing – Helping Reduce Global Warming
copyright © 2007
by James Dunn

All information is to be considered partial and experimental.

The roofs of most homes are usually a dark color that during the Summer, absorbs enough solar energy that it makes the attics quite hot; this reduces the temperature of the exposed roofing materials. A blanket of insulation between the attic and living spaces provides somewhat reduced costs for heating and air conditioning. The greater the insulating “R” factor, the greater the utility cost savings.

The cost savings of blanket or blown-in insulation in the attic is somewhat reduced by “insulation bypass”; these are conductive and convective thermal channels that get around and through insulating barriers: concrete supports, wood structures, metal reinforcements and brackets, wiring, columns of air-flow in the walls, condensation, …

However, from a Global Warming point of view, most rooftops are designed to amplify the effect of global warming.

* Solar energy is converted into low frequency infrared energy, re-radiated out into the local environment, and transmitted into convective heat in the attics; which is pumped out of the vents of attics into the surrounding environment; either through passive air-flow or by forced ventilation.
o These low infrared energy levels are not as easily re-radiated out into space, less so than the higher energy levels of infrared from the primary heated surfaces of the roof, had the roofing material not been allowed to cool as much.
o The primary surfaces have reduced temperatures from the heat conducting into the attic and therefore re-transmits infrared energy at a lower wavelength; providing greater heating of the local environment.

Sheet metal roofing has become a popular and robust method of roofing modern homes. As such, sheet metal roofing coupled with an insulating board, also provides a means of helping to suppress global warming in four ways:

1. Re-radiating all solar energy wavelengths back out into space, including infrared; especially if white.
2. Providing improved thermal insulation in rooftops.
3. Coupled with thermally controlled attic vents, optimizing beneficial thermal gradients.
4. Reducing the energy consumed via utility companies (reducing global warming trends).

When replacing your present roof, remove the shingles down to your plywood roof sheeting. Lay and secure a low-compressive insulating barrier sheeting onto the roof (extruded polystyrene is about R-9 per inch). Secure the metal roofing materials to this insulating barrier sheeting. An intermediate paneling or 1/4″ plywood sheeting may be necessary for some applications either for bonding adhesive compatibilities, or for controlling thermal gradients. If possible, use an adhesive system instead of screws or nails to prevent the heat from being transmitted into the attic through the metal of screws and nails.

Care should be taken in considering thermal expansion of the metal materials and providing the movement necessary to prevent buckling of the roofing materials. The raised ridges often provide the needed expansion space and spacing in the lateral dimension, but the vertical dimension is often neglected and crackling noises can be heard during times of expansion/contraction extremes. Slip joints are an often used construction technique. The adhesive must provide both flexibility and adhesion at higher than normal temperatures.

Make sure the metal roofing manufacturer approves of your method of providing an insulating barrier between the roof and their metal sheeting; so you don’t violate a warranty, and you do not have a premature roofing failure. The materials and construction techniques should be simple, but they should also be engineered and not just flippantly tried on ones own incentive.

This will maximize the metal temperatures of the roofing material, while helping to minimize the energy transmitted into the home. The volume of heat needing to be removed from the attic is significantly reduced. The much higher roofing metal temperature more readily re-transmits solar energy back out into space, and therefore helps to reduce global warming. Lighter colors reflect more energy, but even if you choose darker colors for aesthetic reasons, the energy re-transmitted back into space will be much higher than if not using the insulation barrier, or if using other roofing materials like tile, shingles, or tar/gravel.

Roofing materials are commonly aluminum and have very low heat capacity and will NOT store energy for any appreciable time. In only a few minutes under cloud cover, the metal will be at ambient temperatures.

Installing attic forced ventilation and shutters coupled with a differential thermostat can significantly contribute to utility savings.

If you use a Swamp Cooler (used in low humidity climates instead of refrigerated air conditioning; lower cost to run), you can vent your outlet air partly through your attic, as well as out partially opened windows, to significantly improve the cooling efficiency of your swamp cooler. Hot air rises, so more of the interior hot air will exhaust through the attic. While the attic is significantly warmer than any of the air inside the living spaces. Thus both cooling the interior more, and cooling the attic as well. Swamp Coolers run continuously at a small fraction of the cost as refrigerated air conditioning. Use a ceiling vent that has an automatic damper (cheap) so that you don’t lose heat through the vent in the winter months.

The differential thermostat is made by comparing the outside ambient temperature with the temperature of the attic. A Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) can be purchased with thermocouple inputs for less than $200. Additionally, the PLC can be used for a hundred other uses like controlling your Solar Collector system, building security, exterior lighting controls, sprinkler system control, … A fan with shutters is at one end of the house, with motorized shutters at the other end of the house. The forced air circulating fan and shutters are controlled by these temperature sensors:

Outside Temp

Attic Temp greater than Outside Temp

Interior Temp greater than Attic Temp

Fan & Motorized Shutter

> 10° F

Low Speed

>75° F

> 5° F

Low Speed

>75° F

> 10° F

High Speed

* The attic fan runs whenever the attic is significantly (> 10° F) cooler than the interior of the house. Humidity of the house will collect (dew point) in the attic whenever the temperature of the attic is significantly less than that of the house interior. This can reduce the insulating properties of the insulation and actual water can collect to damage building materials (ever notice water spots on people’s ceilings?).
* Whenever the Outside air Temperature is greater than 75° F “AND” the Attic Temperature is greater than the Outside air Temperature by 5° F, the shutters will open and the Attic Fan will run at low speed. This reduces the temperature gradient between the attic space and the living spaces, so as to conserve the need for air conditioning.
* Whenever the Outside air Temperature is greater than 75° F “AND” the Attic Temperature is greater than the Outside air Temperature by 10° F, the shutters will open and the Attic Fan will run at high speed. The cost of running a ventillation fan is far lower than running refrigerated air conditioning.

A simple air-flow switch-type sensor can be used to indicate when the system is operating as expected.

* I can provide the diagnostic electrical/electronic information if you are interested in automating diagnostics and trouble-shooting messages.

By minimizing the temperature difference between the attic and the inside living spaces during the Summer, the “insulation bypass” is minimized. The cooling load is minimized and utility usage similarly minimized.

If you have the resources, you can provide a number of upgrades to reduce heat transfer through your windows:

* extend the overhang of the roof so that the windows of the house reside in the roof overhang shadow for most of the day
* angle windows to prevent sunlight from entering directly, except during Winter months
* apply window glazings to reflect light at lower critical angles
* install infrared blocking windows
* install shutters that can be closed from inside the building
* grow small-limb shade trees to help shade the house
* install insulated draperies
* install infrared blocking polycarbonate windows
* install multi-layer window assemblies (thermo-pane windows)

The outlined method above can be expected to pay for itself in reduced utility costs; while helping to reduce Global Warming, which is priceless.

Wingman development proposed to Dave Mallot – American Inventor contestant
~James Dunn

The Wingman development is significant because it provides the world with a means of meeting strangers and promoting friendships.

Entry for June 28, 2007 0756 MST


Since you only have $50k for total development, the stand-alone Wingman device could simply be developed on a bluetooth enabled PDA like the Dell Axim. Hire a professional programmer to fully develop the software. $50k probably won’t be enough to both develop the hardware and software. Hardware development is very expensive. The PDA provides a touch screen and back lit color display to provide easy user interface.

If you make the program universal, it can be made to work with any bluetooth enabled PDA or bluetooth enabled cell phone; increasing market reach.

You are selling a service. The user can purchase hardware from you, but the service is the main source of revenue.

Optionally, your concept can be completely developed on an internet ready cell phone.

The internal GPS of the cell phone can place you in the vacinity ( +/- 25 feet) before entering the bar so the website server software knows who to couple up (GPS commonly loses signal in Urban environments).

Also, bluetooth enabled software can be used identically as your proposed stand-alone Wingman hardware device.

The additional advantage of using a cell phone over the Wingman stand-alone is that everyone already has a cell phone, they just need to pay the service fees. That puts your service immediately into the hands of millions of users instantly. By mentioning the website on American Inventor, you win whether or not you win the million dollars. You may choose to withdraw from the competition to CEO your own development.

Internet ready cell phones already have access to the internet. So a user would need to do no more than access your website using their cell phone. The monthly internet service fees may be more than they want to pay (quite expensive on some cell phones).

Optionally, the user could call a phone number (long distance calls are free on many cell phone plans) and a small program in the cell phone would be updated with the information regarding the people who are planning to attend a proposed social activity (bar, wedding, church, beach, concert, …) during the users proposed time span. This might be done by text messaging.

Using Text Messaging, you would type in the address of the event and the time span you intend to be there, for each event on your schedule. A text message would return with a list of possible matches. Providing the user with the knowledge of how fruitful attending the event might be.

Upon arriving, the cell phone uses bluetooth to find other users of the service.

Your website would grab the user’s GPS location, and any other bluetooth enabled users in the area and attempt to coordinate a match. A small program running on the users cell phone would look for other users with a similar program scanning for bluetooth. When all of the available bluetooth users have been polled, the cell phone automatically calls the website server to coordinate matches. Upon the matches being made, the user cell phone is updated with everyones matches and the matches are broadcast via bluetooth to all participating users. This helps to reduce the number of cell phone calls made to the server.

As people walk around, new bluetooth connections are made, and information is shared.

The small program in the cell phone then notifies the user when a match has been made.

The users use text messages sent to the server to enter their precise chosen location to meet others at the event. The user may optionally use the internet interface to browse more detailed match statistics (pictures, essays about themselves and what they are looking for, …) and choose whom they want to meet.

A text message would otherwise be sent to each cell phone with shorthand information about each potential match.

The user selects all the people they want to match with (ID numbers) and sends a text message to the server. A list of quick notes is generated by the small program which are the match ID numbers.

* Anyone mutually picking each other has priority.
* The next match is based upon proximity.
* The next match is based upon a person openly making themselves available.
* Persons may option to only be contacted if there is a mutual match.
* Persons may option not to be contacted at all (changed their mind after arriving).

A text message is sent to each person of a match and the location provided by the female is used as a meeting place.

Either user can decline the meeting at any time.

Each user can provide feedback as to the quality of the match up. If a person lied about themselves, then multiple similar comments from different users at different times would flag the questionable profile attributes. Repeated updates by the user and having similar discrepancies would automatically lower the reliablility rating of that user.

Persons leaving desparaging remarks about other users and having no other user at different times leaving similar remarks, lowers the persons reliability rating who made the remarks.

This provides a mechanism to encourage people to act responsibly.


James Dunn

Some of my own inventive ideas



Of course there are other issues related to making the software functional and user friendly.

The GPS feature of cell phones could be exploited to provide course and direction from user to user.

The website could provide users with the ability to meet before an event (wedding, party, …) so that they can attend together if they hit it off.

The website could provide a means to coordinate a public event (canoe trip, ethnic feastival, …)

Local bands can effortlessly keep in contact with their fans, allowing them to find their band whenever they are playing

At 5 cents per text message, 10 single people per event, 4 text messages per person, and over 1 million entertainment businesses in the United States, that would be a weekly revenue of about $2 million, or $104 million dollars a year.

Cell Phone Support for Pay-Your-Way Hitch Hiking
~James Dunn

I really like the idea of the cell phone becoming a universal tool. Remote Control, RFID credit card, security camera interface, PDA, …

wizard1961 had an idea of using the cell phone as an interface to provide for and promote paid hitch hiking; though wizard1961 did not provide any insight as to how to go about implementing his idea, it is still a great idea.

Keep in mind all this happens in software. The user simply selects stored destinations or enters one, and the Driver simply sees if the destination corresponds with their own. While the software guides both the Driver and Passenger effortlessly.

I am providing the following as a basis from which to build this proposed system.


Imagine living anywhere and being able to quickly get a ride at any time of the day or night with some security, and conversely being able to share the cost of transportation sometimes on your way from place to place. How many of us would simply cancel our car insurance until we were going on a trip. We might develop car pooling relationships more easily. Or maybe get rid of our cars altogether if we lived in a busy city. Single drivers could take advantage of car pool lanes. Traffic congestion could be reduced. The cost of fuel could effectively be reduced. Emissions could be reduced. We could afford to pay more for a car because our operating expenses would be reduced.

A thumb print, iris scan, or potentially a DNA scan security device can easily be incorporated into cell phones. This also provides support for broad categories of other applications. The security scan device would be used to initiate all transactions. Thus securing the cell phone from tempting a thief.

Iris Scan technology update

Current camera equiped cell phones that have a flash could incorporate Iris Scanner software into the cell phone without having to include any other hardware device. The camera in the cell phone would first take a picture of the person looking into the camera lens with the flash output set at a low intensity, then after a short time increase the flash to a higher intensity to dialate the eye a short time later; or vice versa. The average time it takes for a users eye to dialate a specific amount would be recorded by the cell phone software. If someone tried to use pictures to fake the camera, it wouldn’t work. This verifies the identity of the person, and that the person is still alive. Or optionally, the video mode could be used to scan the iris and detect the eye lid opening and closing within normal time frames, an alternate method of verifying that the person is alive and present.

Basic Operation

A Transportation Transaction (TT) service provider could promote the service on the internet interface of the cell phone. The GPS feature of the cell phone would identify the Passenger location, and the Passenger would use the internet interface to enter their desired destination. The TT Service would provide a moving map to guide the Driver to the Passenger, and to the desired destination. The TT Service would either be paid by a periodic flat fee or by a percentage of each transportation transaction. An alternative is that it would become a not for profit public service provided by the Federal Government; like the post office. Both Drivers and Passengers would be given a tax break to encourage using the system.

Rather than haggle over the price, an adjusted base price for the area would be in effect. Those Drivers wanting more (Commercial Taxi Drivers) would enter a base price and price per mile into their preferences. The cell phones would be linked to credit/debit cards and the TT service provider would be the only one with access to that information.

Participating Drivers would enter information about the vehicles they drive. Seating space available in the vehicle, storage space available in the trunk (easily remembered by computer for the make, model, and year of commercial cars and trucks), whether or not it is allowed to put packages in the seating areas, relative cleanliness of vehicle, and vehicle condition.

——————— Beginning of TT Service Sequence ——————-

The Driver would enter their destination into the TT Service before starting their vehicle.

The Passenger would enter their desired destination, number of people (each person would be required to enter their thumb print, iris scan, or DNA scan), and approximate number in grocery bag space needed, on their cell phone interface.

Based upon the Driver and Passenger preferences and current restrictions, the TT Service would automatically calculate the best way to get each Passenger to their destination; taking into account that an extra Passenger could reduce the enroute cost to each Passenger, and potentially provide greater payment to the Driver. If each extra Passenger pays 2/3 full price, the Driver receives more than if only picking up one Passenger. But this would fluctuate based upon the differing Passenger destinations. The TT Service would automatically select the best option for the Passenger and Driver, but would allow the Passenger and Driver to make exceptions (regular carpools for instance).

The TT Service would verify the GPS location of the Passenger is immediately adjacent to a roadway that allows for safe Passenger pickup. Persons more than 50 feet from a roadway would be instructed by the TT Service to stand where a vehicle can pick them up; and not process the transaction until the Passenger is in a location where they can legitimately be picked up. This helps to avoid competition with commercial taxi services where you can call for pickup at specific times from up in a high rise building; this keeps Passengers from causing Drivers to wait.

Commercial Taxi services benefit from this system because more people will stop driving because this service exists. On the occasions where no other Driver is available, the Passenger will have no other reasonable choice accept to use the Commercial Taxi service. Additionally, a Taxi having made a drop off can immediately be notified of another fare in their immediate vicinity and “bid” on the transaction; optioning to lower their fare rate to get a fare from where they are to where they need to go for their next passenger scheduled pickup; thereby reducing their operating expenses.

A notice would be sent by the TT service to all participating cell phones within the Passenger area with their destination displayed and the total amount to be paid to the Driver for the transaction if accepted. All Drivers who respond within 30 seconds are displayed on the Passenger cell phone as a list, sorted by the Driver statistical profile score, price, and estimated time of arrival. The Passenger can quickly look at questionable profile scores and choose the Driver of their choice.

After the Passenger commits their credit card to the transaction, and correspondingly commits the Drivers credit card to the transaction via the TT Service, the TT Service notifies both the Driver and Passenger of the transaction being implemented. The TT Service provides a simplified moving map on the Driver cell phone to guide the Driver to the Passenger location.

The Driver must arrive at the GPS location of the Passenger within 200% of the estimated time enroute, or the Driver is penalized 10% of the transaction and a new request is sent out to surrounding cell phones, and a notice to the Driver that their service is no longer needed, with 5% of the agreed upon transaction deposited into the Passenger credit card.

The TT Service monitors the GPS location of vehicles along the route to determine traffic jams, and either re-routes the Driver to the Passenger and extends the ETA; notifying both Driver and Passenger. Or, if the new ETA will exceed 300% of the original ETA the Passenger is provided the new ETA and is given an option of canceling the transaction at a cost of 10% of the transaction, so that they can choose a different Driver. The original Driver in the transaction receives no portion of the transaction; this discourages Drivers from stopping to pick up other passengers while enroute to the Passenger.

Within 1000 feet of the Driver arriving at the GPS location, the Passenger cell phone is rung by the TT service to notify them of the pending arrival of the Driver. This allows people to stand out of the weather until the Driver gets close. The Driver need only wait at the GPS location of the Passenger for two (2) minutes before departing and receiving the full amount of the transaction, regardless of their final destination unless the Passenger uses the cell phone camera to photograph the license plate number of the Driver vehicle or signals the TT Service of a related problem with the Driver or their vehicle (no place to sit, too dirty, no room for packages agreed upon, agressive nature of Driver, …) within that 2 minutes.

Upon arriving at the GPS location within the time agreed, the Passenger uses the camera built into their cell phone to both capture the license plate of the vehicle and to photograph the Driver of the vehicle. The Driver uses their cell phone camera to photograph the Passenger and their packages, all the pictures are automatically transmitted to the TT service to both document the transaction and provide for both the Driver and Passenger security, the Passenger verbally verifies the destination with the Driver, and boards the vehicle.

If the TT service notes that the vehicle does not match the Driver, the Driver picture does not match the picture on file, the Iris scan does not match the picture on file, or the iris scan identifies a criminal in a database, the transaction is terminated, the Passenger is advised to find alternative transportation, and the Driver is reported to the police. This prevents car theft of vehicles to provide taxi services and helps to capture criminals.

Conversely, if the Passenger picture does not match the iris scan, or the iris scan identifies a criminal in a database, then the Driver is advised not to let the Passenger in the car and to drive away, the police are notified as to the identity and whereabouts of the Passenger.

Optionally, car manufacturers could begin incorporating RFID chips in vehicles that cell phones would scan to allow further automation of this service.

Alternatively, the Passenger can cancel the transaction for any reason at a cost of 10% of the agreed upon rate. The Drivers record is annotated and pushed lower on the priority list and at any time the Passenger can note why they chose to cancel the transaction. If the Passenger does not continue on to their destination, then the notation is removed from the Drivers record and the Driver is awarded 10% of the agreed upon rate. A notation is put in the Passenger record and their priority for pickup is reduced and a standard notation is annotated for “changed their mind”.

A statistical profile is kept for each Passenger and Driver so that within one minute of a Passenger request for pickup, and the Drivers responding, the Passenger can select which Driver suits them based on the profile statistics, price, and ETA.

After the Passenger and Driver get on the road, a moving map guides the Driver to the Passenger desired location.

If the Driver deviates from the route by more than one missed turn, then the TT Service calls the Driver AND Passenger to verify their safety. Remember the thumb print initiates all transactions, so the identity of each person involved is known. If the Driver or Passenger fails to respond to the TT Service questions, then the Driver is notified to stop, the Passenger is notified to exit the vehicle, and each party is charged 50% of the transaction until the specifics are sorted out. If the Driver fails to stop or the Passenger fails to get out of the vehicle, the police are notified and vectored to the Drivers vehicle. If the Driver AND Passenger verify that a detour was required for road construction or additional passenger pickup, then the TT Service follows up periodically to ensure Passenger and Driver safety.

Correspondingly, Drivers can select whom they choose to pickup based upon Passenger profile statistics.

Upon arriving at the Passenger desired destination, the TT Service would prompt both the Driver and Passenger to take cell phone photos of each other, the packages, as necessary to document complaints, and enter the following information:

* Rate Your Experience with this Driver (0 – 9, 9 strongest)
o Friendly Nature of Driver
o Vehicle Cleanliness
o Vehicle Comfort
o Vehicle Mechanical Condition
o Vehicle Space Provided
o Overall Experience
o TT Service

* Rate Your Experience with this Passenger (0 – 9, 9 strongest)
o Friendly Nature of Passenger
o Passenger Cleanliness
o Passenger Destructive Nature
o Overall Experience
o TT Service

——————– End of TT Service Sequence ——————-

A separate TT Service webpage would allow Drivers to post their intentions to take city to city trips. Passengers desiring to make the trip with them would bid on the pricing and establish a pickup point. The TT Service would send reminder messages before the trip was to commence. Other coordinating issues would be incorporated as well.

Normal Sequence of Events for Passenger and Driver

Keep in mind all this happens in software. The user simply selects stored destinations or enters one, and the Driver simply sees if the destination corresponds with their own. While the software guides both the Driver and Passenger effortlessly.

From the Normal Passenger point of view:

1. Go to edge of roadway.
2. Access TT Service on cell phone.
1. Enter Destination.
1. If there are mulitple Drivers going near your destination, select one or more Drivers and prioritize them.
2. Do security scan (provide credit card info).
3. Wait for Pickup.
4. Photograph car and Driver.
5. Arrive at Destination.
1. Photograph Driver and rate the experience.

From the Normal Driver point of view:

1. Enter your destination before starting your vehicle.
2. Receive notice from TT Service of potential Pay-Your-Way Passenger.
1. See if desired Passenger destination coincides somewhat with Driver destination.
1. If there are multiple Passengers wanting to go your direction, select one or more.
2. Wait to see if one or more Passengers choose you
3. If selected, Accept Transaction.
4. Pull over momentarily to do security scan (enter credit card info).
3. Follow moving map directions to Passenger.
4. Photograph Passenger and packages.
5. Follow moving map to Passenger destination.
6. Arrive at destination.
1. Photograph Passenger and packages; rate the experience.

Alternative Uses for the Same System

This same system could be expanded to freight services so that truck loads are maximized and people with small trucks can provide shipping for people without trucks.

* The elderly and handicapped could have groceries, medications, and other vendor supplied materials delivered to their residence by pre-approved participating Drivers
o Federal and State programs could fund part of the transportation costs based on savings associated with current programs

The same system could be used by the police to automatically enforce restraining orders. If the two cell phones associated with the two people involved in a restraining order came within a certain distance, each would be asked to identify themselves, and directions would be given to avoid one another.

The same system could be used for parents to use to track who their kids associate with.

Employers could use the same system to track their employees and to look for ways to promote productivity.

* Maybe a group of employees interact on legitimate business so much that they should be grouped together.
* Employees making illegitimate trips for excessive socializing.
* Helping to keep employees with known personality conflicts away from each other.
* Establishing and controlling restricted areas to control excessive traffic or confidential materials.
* …

The same system could help employees coordinate complex tasking that requires different people with specific expertise to perform a function, in a particular sequence, with specific data, in more than one location at the same time.

* Production facility online calibration procedures to avoid shutting down the system and incurring great losses (this happens frequently in industry)
* Contractor coordination of multi-disciplines for managing Project Management timelines
o Real Estate Brokers
o Attorney’s
o Suppliers
o Surveyors
o Engineers & Architects
o Shippers
o Heavy equipment and crews
o Cement forms builders & foundation crew
o Plumbers
o Electricians
o Carpenters
o Hotshot Trucks and Drivers
o Landscapers
o …
* Networking Analyst procedures for installing complex networks
* Government employees can be tracked and coordinated to support public works without excessive waste
o Productivity issues
o Tracking theft
o Productivity Based Wage metrics
o Similar Project Management relationships as with contractors noted above
* Coordinating any meeting
* Coordinating any party
* Weddings
* Public Events
o this would allow people that didn’t even know an event was coming up to get involved based upon their preferences
o promoters could easily find people to volunteer to support an event
* Professionals could list themselves, expertise, and prices to support spur of the moment or planned needs by anyone
* Medical Centers would always know what expertise they had in-house at any moment
* Mass Casualty teams could form up and communicate more readily by knowing where all their resources are, and which people with cell phones were likely involved in the mass casualty.
o All medical, vendor, fire, police, as well as the government of local, state, adjacent state, and federal resources would be known and under control of the NSA
o The NSA would coordinate with FEMA, the FCC, FAA, CIA, FBI, and all the other government agencies to mitigate impact during mass casulty events.
* Emergency vehicle coordination to allow stop light timing modifications so that emergency response is more expeditious.
o During high speed chases, traffic is stopped in all directions to force fleeing vehicle off of roadway to stop weaving in and out around cars at high speed
o Drivers signaled to move right or left to clear a specific lane for an ambulance or police
o …

A Self-Funding method to “Reverse” Global Warming
~James Dunn

A Self-Funding method for Weather Control,
while providing Abundant Clean Energy to replace ALL fossil fuels

Without a clean interactive “tool” for control of global temperatures, we are relying upon the unstable nature of our environment to continue to mend itself, regardless of our abusive actions. In addition to our own actions, history has shown that nature often has global extinction events. There are many natural generators of greenhouse gases.
If the methane permafrost melts, billions of people may die from reduced global agricultural harvests, aggravated by unstable plant pathogens caused from reduced plant and animal diversity. Currently over 6 million people die of starvation annually; this number will only increase. Those people in positions of influence who do not act now to save those peoples’ lives, are directly responsible for their deaths.
Oil Company Revenues – A necessary transition
Oil is a fixed commodity. The revenue generated by oil can be extended from a 100 year supply to a 1,000 year (or more) supply; if it is used to make products instead of fuel. Of course with reduced production, the price per barrel would increase, but delivery costs are reduced because supertanker ships need not be built. So the cost of plastics, antifreeze, and lubricants would increase due to the restricted supply. Cost per barrel of oil being a balance between shipping cost savings and supply/demand of the products produced using fossil fuel. Regardless, this seems an attractive trade-off for a green economy. Especially when the cost of electric utilities plummet and the cost of hydrogen correspondingly plummets.
As for comparative costs:

* How much does it cost to build AND maintain a supertanker?
* How much does it cost to continually develop new oil resources?
* How much does bad press cost?

Additionally, by having the Oil Companies fund a Global Energy System, the free and multimillion year supply of solar energy provides incomes that can not be generated by fossil fuels. For instance, even with oil at $50 a barrel, it was not economically feasible to develop the Northern parts of Canada, the Sahara, or event the US Southwest. The low energy density of oil coupled with shipping costs has made living in remote locations impractical.
Because of the broadly distributed nature of space-based solar collectors, the cost of fuel anyplace in the world is virtually the same. New technology based populations can be developed in the most remote places on Earth. The Earth can easily support 100 billion people if there is sufficient energy resources. So Oil Companies would be selling power to 100 billion people, instead of the current 6.7 billion people. There are other significant sources of related revenue as well.
That’s an estimated increase of 15 times the current energy usage; 17 times the current net revenues (more energy users, higher cost per barrel of oil, lower oil infrastructure costs, …).
Ecologically Sound Solution

The problems with most solutions proposed for controlling Global Warming are:

* the expense and the requirement for on-going funding
* high risk of damage to the environment
* ineffective nature of proposal
* narrow focus of proposal, not allowing for collateral and beneficial enterprise to develop
* foreseeable health hazards
* inability to attain multilateral support of all nations

We must initiate a comprehensive process that not only addresses the symptoms of Global Warming, but also addresses the core causes; including those causes that are “naturally” produced.
Space-based Solar Concentration Facilities

Establish a space based solar energy collection and conversion system to generate an excess of abundant clean energy for the world. Real Estate is free in space and is unencumbered by political boundaries. This system would minimize (if not eliminate) the need for fossil fuels by using solar energy to generate cheap hydrogen to power fuel cells and engines. Petroleum would be produced for plastics and other products, extending petroleum industry survival for several hundred years. Providing cheap electrical energy to the world allows for hydrogen and water to be extracted locally anywhere on the planet:
A current self-contained system in use to produce electricity from the Sun:

Increasing outputs through solar concentrators:
Building a Weather Control System:

Method for controlling mirror rotation:

Collateral Business Developments
Use the sale of power to fund the Space Elevator, thus reducing the cost of shipping and transportation to/from orbit to 10% of current costs; thus making access to space available to virtually anyone. A side benefit will be the many start-up industries that capitalize on the mass production of carbon nanotubes.

Vehicle strengths can increase hundreds of times over present vehicles while weighing significantly less. Vehicles can potentially impact at up to 20 mph without any significant damage. Mountain climbing ropes can be reduced in size to the size of a string and be stronger than present ropes; allowing for lighter pack loads and longer ropes. A 1200 pound Harley Davidson motorcycle could be made to weigh less than 200 pounds; while being considerably stronger and more powerful. Commercial airliners could have ballistic parachutes which automatically deploy to save the lives of passengers. Buildings can be produced which can withstand the strongest of earthquakes. Skyscrapers a thousand stories tall. Diamond cable saws capable of cutting up asteroids for mining. Earth boring machine cutting heads that are much stronger, more efficient, lighter, and more versatile. Allowing for subterranean habitat development; here on Earth, the Moon, Mars, large asteroids, and other planets and their moons. A woven sheet of nanotubes and bonding agent would line the caverns to provide air tight living spaces. Orbiting and transiting space habitat structures large enough to hold thousands of inhabitants including their systems for being self-sufficient. Computer and cell phone cases that are virtually indestructible; yet lighter than anything we currently have:

Develop space-based industry to further technological developments and provide greater employment through economic growth:

Create a low-cost fuel free orbiting service vehicle to provide for orbiting commercial laboratories, service vehicles for orbiting instrumentation and equipment, habitats, tow vehicles, Earth to Moon transports, repair platforms, …

Systematically cleanup orbiting space debris and force nations to be accountable for contributing to space debris:

Building a global Weather Control System
Establish a global Weather Control System (WCS) to Reverse and provide active control over Global Warming and rebuild the glaciers, ensure the methane permafrost remains intact, control the ash laden winds in the vicinity of erupting volcanoes, manage predictable rainfall for agriculture, control wind direction and rainfall for forest fires, eliminate severe weather and the resulting damage, promote responsible ecological controls, …

The world revenue spent and lost outside of intent because of weather phenomena approaches 1 Trillion dollars annually. The total weather control system is a fraction of this cost and can be funded through the sale of power and fractional royalties from space based industry developments.

Looking to the Future
Through a series of technological processes we can quickly transition from a species dependent upon our natural environment, to a species that becomes a responsible part of our environment, and this system provides the means to support the ever growing human populations. While taking an active part in preserving our ecology and ensuring our grandchildren will experience the richly diverse life we presently enjoy; and perhaps a world with greater diversity and wonders not yet imagined.

In 1776 there were less than 700 million people worldwide. The second of two people living to be 100 years old would have seen 1976 and a population of over 3,000 million (3 billion) people; a growth of 4.3 times as many people in 2 peoples lifetimes. Presently, there are over 6.7 billion people; the world population has doubled in less than 30 years. We can fully expect there to be at least 35 billion people by 2076. Medicine and food supply technologies improve, people naturally live longer, what will life be like unless we provide a habitat, interesting employment, and business opportunities?

Currently, China uses people with shovels and rakes to process their sewage, because labor is so cheap. What will our grandchild’s life be like if we do not push our horizons above that of the Earth?

Within just 50 years, it is expected that between 1/3 and 1/2 of all known species of plants and animals will verge upon extinction due to salt water encroachment of coastal wetlands. How do we plan to help maintain our ecological diversity to provide natural food chain stability? Already, corn and potato crops are documented to be at risk worldwide.
Over 6 million people currently starve annually; it can be shown that almost 30 million people will starve annually by 2076 unless we act diligently in the present.

We must have a comprehensive system that provides for the needs of our small world. Allowing us to have more, not less. Allowing our population to grow; responsibly.

Initiate a comprehensive self-funded system to actively “Reverse” Global Warming, provide for a diverse ecology, provide for economic growth, provide abundant clean power, control extreme weather, and provide for our ever growing world population.
To find & email your specific Congressmen and Senators:

* Your State’s Congressmen
* Your States’ Senators

To email Congressman all across the United States:


To talk directly with the staff of your representatives:

(202) 225-3121 for the House
(202) 224-3121 for the Senate

Global Warming can be controlled by promoting small temperature changes
and Abundant Clean Energy can be harvested at the same time…
A practical system to “Reverse” Global Warming needs your support:


Ethically Eliminate ALL Political Corruption:


Add this information to your email ‘signature’
Other related websites:

Image-based Search Utility

November 27, 2008

Image-based Search Utility
~James Dunn

Yahoo and Google need to maintain a technological edge to maintain their user base, and advertisers.

A picture can be loosely described by colors used, pixel positioning, and literally more than 1000 unique graphic qualities; most of which are NOT related to graphic media size, or orientation. Many of these identifiers can be calculated extremely quickly.

For instance: Each picture has a number of pixels for its width and height, divide each number by 10 and sample the pixels at those positions. The color information at each of those positions is largely unique for complex pictures. You could take 100 million photographs and never repeat this combination. So any picture on the Internet with that information is strongly related.

There are thousands of related processing techniques to identify shapes like circles and lines, shading, human features, animal features, … A select set of these techniques would allow for finding with strong confidence related pictures.

Similar types of image processing is used in robotics.

If a person had a picture, let’s say of a water wheel. They could upload their picture to the Search Engine and then the server could look for likely hits; similar to looking for text hits.

Anytime someone would look at graphic media through Google or Yahoo, the graphic media would automatically be processed and a list of unique identifiers cataloged along with the graphic data. The person looking to find related graphic information could choose the level of similarity, and also include text that might be found on the same web page to increase the probability of getting a related hit.

Also, whenever a picture is included in a web page, the Google or Yahoo toolbar could be configured to find related graphic media on the Internet just by clicking on a picture that you are looking at.

Artists could find where their work was inappropriately copied. Pedophile content could be easily found and removed/blocked. People could find their long lost friends and relatives. Criminals might even be found.

Someone breaks into your house and your security camera gets a picture of them. They have a profile on Yahoo. You search for a picture of the burglar and find the profile. You give the information to the police for them to investigate. It could be just someone that looks similar, or it could be the burglar.

Using this method of searching would allow Google and Yahoo to help hold onto the technological edge for their search engines.

WCS Mirror used as Low-Cost Orbiting Service Vehicle
~James Dunn

The Weather Control System (WCS) mirrors have the strong potential of sailing controllable orbiting trajectories around the Earth. This makes them useful as low cost robotic service vehicles.

Many satellite orbits degrade over time. Slipping outward into space, falling back to Earth, losing their geosynchronous position, … By using the controllable sailing feature of the WCS mirrors, satellites can be vectored back into their desired orbiting trajectory and therefore extend their useful lifetime.

For a square mirror 3,000 feet on a side, the solar wind would impart about 7.8 Newtons of force, or about 1.7 pounds of force. Doesn’t seem like much does it. But let’s look a little closer. Assume the mirror has a mass of 500 kilograms (1102 pounds), after 24 hours of continuous exposure to the light from the Sun, that is a difference in speed of over 3,000 miles per hour.

This is similar to standing on a dock next to a large boat. The boat might weigh 50 tons. But by applying a continuous force with your hands, you can move the boat around.

So on each trip around the Earth, if the mirror turns sideways to slip through the solar wind when traveling towards the Sun, and the mirror fully catches the solar wind when traveling away from the Sun, the mirror can continue to accelerate to greater and greater speeds. Or conversely, to slower and slower speeds. Tiping the sail related to the direction of the solar wind would cause side forces that would allow the mirror to change the direction it is traveling.

When constructed, the mirror will be in a stationary orbit; most likely in geosynchronous orbit if built in the vacinity of a Space Elevator.

The sailing feature of the WCS mirror has the potential of providing tow services for other mirrors in need of repair, deploying satellites from an orbiting work platform, and becoming a part of a manned platform that also happens to help control Earths weather.

However, any additional mass added to a mirror structure (laboratory) will reduce the acceleration available for the same size of mirror.

The sailing feature would allow a space-based laboratory at it’s center to circumnavigate the Earth along a desired trajectory, harvest the solar energy needed for its work, and thus providing the laboratory with long term fuel-less propulsion.

These orbiting laboratories could provide:

* on-going repair support for the WCS mirrors
* long term space-based factory platforms
* the ability to cost effectively harvest materials from asteroids and comets
* each platform could have emergency supplies to help reduce risk factors in a community of enterprise based platforms
* space colonies become practical
o many provide supply and transport services
o a couple of space factories produce solar cells
o a couple refine raw materials
o a couple provide equipment to recycle oxygen
o many produce food
o some produce medical supplies
o some provide medical services
o …

In 1776 the total world population was less than 700 million people. In two consecutive 100 year lifetimes the population has increased to over 3 Billion people. The population has grown by about 4.3 times. At this rate of growth, your baby being born today will be part of a world population of over 10 Billion people near the end of its life of 100 years. Global Warming will have changed everything we understand as being a natural resource.

We must act diligently in the present to ensure the survival of our children in the future.

We will have spent much more money on the War in Iraq ($1 Trillion dollars projected) as it would have cost to build the entire Weather Control System and Global Energy System. Only a fraction of this money is needed to build the Space Elevator and the first phase of the weather control and global energy systems; at which point the WCS and GES become self funding by selling power back to the World Community. A fraction of the money spent on the war with Iraq could have saved the world from Global Warming, and saved $500 Billion dollars a year in weather related destruction and lost revenue.

What jobs are your children going to have as part of a 10 billion person population? In China, people are using rakes and shovels to process sewage, because labor is so cheap.

Pay less Interest & Pay Off Debts Faster
~James Dunn


Do NOT attempt to act upon or disseminate any portion of the following unless you read the full content of the Disclaimer linked herein: Click Here

Pay less Interest & Pay Off Debts Faster
~James Dunn

This is no gimmick, nothing to buy, just good mathematics. The following is not the absolute fastest method of reducing debt, but it is easily understood and can be implemented by most anyone.

Some people live beyond their financial means and the following will not help them because they desire to spend more than they make. The more they save, the more they spend. Also, for people who are employed intermittently, they need to save enough extra cash to pay ahead their bills by whatever margin they need to prevent having insufficient funds and missing a payment.

If you have a few different interest bearing debts you are paying off, the following can help pay your debts off FASTER, and paying less interest, than making the suggested monthly payments.

List all of your interest bearing debts, including

* the monthly minimum payment
* your normal monthly payment
* the interest rate

Pay off interest bearing debts as follows:

* List all of your interest bearing bills in the order of their interest rates.
* Pay the minimum payment on all your interest bearing bills except the one with the highest interest rate.
* Take all of the money you would normally pay on your interest bearing bills, and pay it all towards the bill with the highest interest rate.

* When that bill is paid off, do not spend the money that is now freed up.
* Take all the monthly money that went into paying off the previous high interest bill and apply it all into the next highest interest bill.

* Continue doing this until all of your interest bearing bills are paid off.

To increase the pay off rate even faster:

Figure out how much cash is on hand at the end of the month after you have paid all of your bills, including food, gas, …

Anticipate non-monthly bills like car insurance, vehicle repairs, property taxes, …

Set 50% of the recurring monthly excess money asside for a nest egg to pay for unexpected expenses.

After the nest egg is sufficiently large, apply this recurring monthly excess to the highest interest bearing debt. This will increase the pay off rate and save even more money, by helping to pay off the principal, removing that portion of money owed that can have interest assessed against it.

If at all possible, save your money and only buy things when you have the cash to do so. This will allow you to purchase more with less money made from your labor.

A small program can be set up on a cell phone to track all debts and provide the user with the capability to make continuous assessments of both how to reduce debt responsibly and quickly. While also assessing the impact of making a planned purchase; or to justify foregoing an impulse purchase.

Water Supply – Anywhere there is Electricity
~James Dunn


Do NOT attempt to act upon or disseminate any portion of the following unless you read the full content of the Disclaimer linked herein: Click Here

Water Supply – Anywhere there is Electricity
~James Dunn

Safety Precautions (Partial List): Potential for biological and other types of contamination, unforseen health hazards, periodic laboratory testing of water recommended

With the advent of a Global Energy System, electricity will be cheaply available almost anywhere in the world, and on any planet, asteroid, and space platform. Water in many of these places will be scarce and there needs to be a method of extracting water using solar energy or some other source of energy.

Where there is water, but it is polluted or is alkalie, filters are available for purifying the water that is present. But filters are most often consumable. Once expended they must be replaced. In remote areas this may be impractical so reverse osmosis filtration is commonly used.

However, many arrid regions suffer from a lack of water and it must be hauled from a supply. Here in New Mexico is one such place. There are many people who live in remote places where a water well is not practical. While the elderly and handicapped find hauling water is an extreme chore to tend. Or the cost of hauling is prohibitive.

For many of these places, this is no longer necessary. Technology exists today that is currently used for other purposes, but can provide an adequate source of drinking and cooking water. What is this technology, a household dehumidifier! A dehumidifier will extract water directly from the air.

A dehumidifier works like your air conditioner. The ambient air passes over a cold coil that looks like the radiator in your car called an evaporator. If the coil is more than 15 degrees cooler than the ambient air temperature the moisture in the air will collect on the coils. The air continues to pass through another coil called a condenser where the heat is put back into the air, plus the heat of the refrigeration pump. The air leaving the dehumidifier has less humidity than the air going in and is slightly warmer.

This technology does not work very well where the ambient air temperature is less than 50 F because the water may tend to freeze at the evaporator unless an automatic expansion valve is installed. Even then the lower limit for having a dew point sufficient for condensation of a liquid is around 45 F. So in this situation, the dehumidifier can be located inside the living space and contribute the energy used to heating the living space.

You can purchase this technology, relatively inexpensively, to allow you to live anywhere in the world with sufficient water to survive, if not comfortably. Electricity is often available from the local utility company. Solar panels and electric generators using various sources of fuel, are often used in remote locations for lighting and refrigeration.

Some desireable characteristics:

* several models available that have stainless steel evaporators
* A unit I have used produces about 5 gallons of water a day
* A cleanable plastic catch basin for the water collected.
* I can not speak to the efficiency of water volume to watt expended for any of the different models.
* Try to choose one where you can periodically clean the evaporator and condenser.
* Also, at the air inlet, choose a model where you can attach ducting to feed areas of high humidity to the dehumidifier.

Install a commercial air filter somewhere in the dehumidifier air inlet ducting. This will help keep dust and insects from getting into the evaporator and condensing down into your water supply. Although, I’ve never seen any in the water I have condensed.

Optionally, you could put a small pump and level control switch in the catch basin to pump the water to a larger holding tank if you desire continuous operation or you want a considerable reserve available.

If your living space is warm, put the dehumidifier outside of your living space and duct the air from your living space to the dehumidifier. The dehumidifier produces a certain amount of heat when it is running. This helps to bring cooling fresh air into your living space and allows the dehumidifier to capture the moisture contained in your living space. One such place is outside of your kitchen where the heat and moisture from cooking can be ducted through your dehumidifier. The other is your bathrooms where humidity might be captured.

Couple this technology with humidity confinement compartments to recover moisture from garbage, ground moisture, and even sewage. This increases the efficiency by allowing more condensate per watt of energy used; reducing the cost per gallon.

Custom designed units cost considerably more, but over time they may provide lower costs. But the portable units are readily available and inexpensive. If there is a problem with the unit, it can be less expensive to replace the portable unit than to fix a custom unit.

The unit I’ve used has been running intermittently for about 4 years. The water quality seems to be cleaner than city or well water. You could periodically take samples for analysis.

If you are going to use this as your only source of water, you must take vitamin and mineral supplements. This is basically distilled water, nothing but water. City and well water have a considerable amount of minerals. Distilled water can strip the minerals from your body if the foods you are eating do not have the minerals you need.

Costs of water aren’t cheap, but with care the energy costs are in the neighborhood of $1.50 or less per gallon. So for about $50 a month, you get all the drinking and cooking water you need; anywhere in the world that has electricity, based upon present and local utility costs. In some areas the cost of power is much less, in others much more.

Yet another alternative is if you are running a refrigerated air conditioner to cool your home. The water coming from the air conditioner is distilled water. Most commercial air conditioners use copper tubing and aluminum heat fins to build the evaporator. The aluminum might have negative health effects. If a stainless steel evaporator can be sized and installed in place of the copper/aluminum evaporator, then the system will be free of any metals contamination. Install a cleanable catch tray under the stainless steel evaporator and pump the condensed water to a holding tank.

So long as your ducting is clean and you have a clean air filter, there won’t be anything there except fresh water. In this way you get fresh water for drinking and cooking, and maybe even enough for showers and washing your clothes.

However, air conditioning and heating is the largest portion of all costs for utilities. So if you use a much smaller dehumidifier just to get the water you need, your utility bill will be much less. But if you refuse to go without refrigerated air conditioning, then you might as well benefit from the water that is produced, especially if you can sell that water to pay for your air conditioning.

Ethics in Health Care to promote Profits and Patient Care
~James Dunn

The Lovelace Healthcare System in Albuquerque, New Mexico is in tremendous trouble. An entire hospital (Lovelace on Gibson) is closing its doors. This very large hospital is closing the doors and displacing many hundreds of medical practitioners.

There is something very wrong! The surrounding hospitals are filled to capacity, which includes Presbyterian Hospital, University of New Mexico Hospital, and their satellite Clinics.

The Operating Rooms (OR) are constantly full and there is constant complaints of under-staffing. Surgeons and their patients do their cases until midnight and on the weekends, whenever they can get staffing.

The problem isn’t that there isn’t enough room, or enough staff ! The problem is that physicians do not make good administrators, and administrators do not exercise “Due Diligence”. Politics has superseded ethical credibility.

If you were to walk into any Administrators office and ask to see how much they lost last year due to incorrectly coded billing? They could not answer you. How often were the instructions in patients’ charts not followed by the nursing staff? They would not be able to answer you. Ask them how they motivate their staff? They would not answer you!

The entire Health care system is troubled by a lack of ethics! Most people do not even understand that Administrative Ethics is a set of tools for extensively evaluating resources, liabilities, and desired outcomes; working with the Big Picture. A lack of ethics should allow any business to make even more money, right? Wrong! “Due Diligence” is one of the significant factors for motivation that can not be taught in an unethical environment.

Some physicians may perform highly questionable procedures, or incorrectly document work performed, in response to poor billing and collection practices.

OR staff may put off ordering critical instruments and consumables because “It’s not my job!”, “I’ll get to it next week.”, or playing dumb “Oh, wasn’t that ordered?”.

Patients suffer for the same reasons because nursing staff may make excuses like “The doctor doesn’t know what they are doing.”, ”I’m too busy as it is.”, “That’s not my job.”. Meanwhile, the same nurse is chatting on the phone and numerous doctors have previously complained to hospital administrators about the staff member, but nothing is done and the nursing staff continues to ignore the physicians orders.

There is no incentive to do anything more than absolutely necessary to keep from being fired.

Administrators truly do not understand the complexities of the systems in which the work. Ask any administrator how to provide optimum health care for a patient based upon their insurance coverage so that they do not become liable for medical expenses they can not afford; they can not give you a reasonable answer! The hospital aborbs the losses in many cases.

Ask an Administrator how to get the nursing staff to consistently follow the doctors’ orders. You’ll get a blank stare! Nurses are relatively uneducated as compared to physicians, yet they independently make decisions about patient health care that directly contradicts the physicians’ orders, and the patient suffers. Weak and critically ill patients do not even get fed at times; and they may have died.

Outspoken persons of principal are weeded out by forcing them out. The unethical have more influence unless the system structure forces ethical practice. The present health care structure is innately unethical.

This is where a combination of well-trained Administrators, Performance Based Wages, an active Ethical Review Board structure, and a Continuous Improvement Process (ISO9001) provides the innate structure to continuously improve administrative processes and hospital procedures. Currently, complex relationships are governed by emotions, rather than by measurable metrics (data points).

Ethical Review Boards (Every employment and advocacy group should have one)

Hospital Administration Training

A few examples of deficient processes:

There is an inadequate number of Operating Rooms available to physicians. Physicians that consistently have cases to perform want “Block Time” so that they can schedule at least some of their surgeries around predictable times and days. Physicians often work more than 12 hours a day, so any savings in time is greatly appreciated. However, hospitals currently provide block time to certain physicians based upon the Good Ole’ Boys club mentality and prejudice. Not based upon ethical need. Rather than increasing the number of Operating Rooms, the OR staff could be trained to become much more efficient to provide for the needs of the physicians and their patients. Any wait time, is wasted time, and costs the hospital many thousands of dollars an hour.

Surgery provides the hospital with money. Insurance companies pay for surgeries at a reduced rate and pocket a large portion of the revenue from paid premiums. The health care system does not benefit from these revenues. Insurance companies do NOT build or maintain hospitals. Therefore, any hospital surviving on the edge can not improve its services.

The hospital has a Physician interface on its’ computer system to provide secure access to patient information. Each doctors’ interface can be customized based upon their user login. A simple tool for tracking staff performance would be to provide a page with all of the staff names in the hospital. If a physician has a good experience with a staff member, positive marks and notations can be made to improve a staff members’ performance rating; and negative marks and notations for deficient performance or neglect. This system can be directly tied into the employees Performance Based Wage. Similarly, every staff member, administrator, physician, and vendor can be rated and tracked in the hospital system. Physicians who are neglectful of their patients might lose their Block Time, obtain Block Time for helping to provide for uncompensated patient care, …

Create a State approved non-profit health insurance system. Disallow any for-profit health insurance from doing business in New Mexico. Use the excess revenue from paid premiums to build and maintain hospital support systems. Lovelace would not be competing with Presbyterian or UNM hospitals; they would ethically share resources and profits. Ethical as in reduced redundancy, competent health providers and staffing, efficient operations, and minimized opportunities for cases of liable.

Because of the increased revenue, all hospitals would make greater profits than at present.

Corporate management that deviates from ethical standards would be punished by fines and criminal prosecution. A defined structure for investor profits and rejuvenation of facilities would be a subject of on-going ethical debate. Ethical tools would be used to document the thought processes behind decisions.

In Tuscaloosa, Alabama the county charges a small amount on annual property taxes to provide health care for the uninsured. They have some of the lowest property taxes in the nation. Yet, every person in Tuscaloosa County has health care! And the hospital (Druid City Hospital) has a windfall of excess money every year. Admittedly, their Emergency Room has a four hour wait, but everyone is seen that needs to be seen. Those with paid insurance premiums are routed to other hospitals for care.Health care can be profitable and manageable, so long as sufficient resources are consistently dedicated to ethical administration.

Automated Failure Rate Analysis tools
~James Dunn

Whenever an electronic circuit is designed for the military, an evaluation must be made to estimate how long the circuit is expected to survive in the environment it will be used.

Each part produced has certain information provided by the manufacturer. Sometimes the Hardware Designer or the Failure Rate Analyst must contact the manufacturer and have them generate the information. Either way this information is available.

Develop a subroutine within the CAD software (like Mentor Graphics) for making PCB’s to collect the part numbers used:

  • no need to count or sort them, this information is readily available
  • make an excel compatible list of part numbers, easily done
  • upload the excel list into an excel workbook where a Visual Basic program massages the data
    • lists a part number, counts the occurrence and list quantity, deletes duplicates
    • compares part numbers with previously stored data
      • the data would include the failure rate information previously collected for that part number
      • the part numbers without failure rate information would be flaged and a web interface would notify the Failure Rate Analyst by email of the deficiencies
    • The Failure Rate Analyst would research and enter the missing information into the excel program
      • This information becomes available for the next time the program is run
    • When finished the excel program would automatically correlate the data and provide the needed information for the entire PCB to the Failure Rate Analyst
    • Other information that is derived could be fed to or from the Excel program for generating the written reports needed for military hardware automatically

The proposed system would save hundreds of labor hours per Hardware Assembly.

A Failure Rate Analyst makes between $45 and $75 per hour company gross expenditure, that would be a savings of at least $9,000 per Hardware Assembly.

Similar routines could be used for interface with other quality assurance programs. One such program groups parts together that form functional circuit sections. After grouping the parts together each circuit group is evaluated for failure relationships. The same excel spreadsheet program could automatically do the evaluations and save 40 hours per complex circuit board. Again this savings is significant per hardware assembly which may be as many as 10 boards. $40 per hour x 40 hours x 10 boards = $16, 000 per hardware assembly.

Combined, the producer of each military project could reduce their costs by $25,000 per electronic hardware assembly.

Simple automated analysis tools can make a military equipment manufacturer more competitive or realize greater profit margins. See ISO9001

November 27, 2008

How to Build a Weather Control System (WCS)

~James Dunn

The broader proposal is located at

Weather Control System and Power Generation

Theory of Operation:

A thin film can be produced in space that is highly reflective on one side with electro-mechanical elements (piezo-electric, muscle wire, nano-tubes…) to control the curvature, or warp, of the mirror on the back side or embedded in the film as it is extruded (addressable MEM loops powered by induction). The mirror needs by necessity to be largely flat, the piezo-electric elements would provide active control to make precise focus possible, and to allow curvatures for various beneficial reasons.

If the mirror is produced with specific material distribution and with a slight convex curvature, the focus can be broadly changed through the rate of rotation. Ionizing radiation and manufacturing defects may mandate that active control of the mirror surface becomes a requirement to provide longer serviceable lifetimes.

Being able to focus the mirror is not needed to control the weather, the mirror could simply act as a shade structure to promote small temperature differentials. However, providing a mirror that can be focused provides a means of harvesting vast amounts of clean solar energy to displace the use of fossil fuels. Each mirror would potentially provide about one megawatt of power per day. Per day because most of the satellites will spend half their life in the shade of the Earth. So on average their day is proportional to our day in terms of energy production.

These mirrors can easily be a kilometer in diameter, or along a side, with only a very small amount of raw material. The mirror curvature should be actively controllable to compensate for varying forces created by solar winds and to allow focusing the mirror precisely. Small motorized weights can be used to control mirror position (see nonlinear 2-degrees of freedom control). By anticipating desired mirror angles the orbital trajectories can be actively calculated to provide a dynamically changing and overlapping mesh of mirror/shade structures to service most areas of the world (see Deep Thunder). The mirror sails its trajectory as the solar winds impart forces upon the mirror and accelerates or decelerates the mirror in an elliptical orbit around the Earth. Through coordinated use of many of these mirrors, the weather of an area can be actively controlled; and with many such groupings, globally.

The mirrors are not geo-synchronous! They orbit and change trajectories through computer coordination. They either position themselves to allow the passage of the Sun’s rays, or like a valve, turn to block the passage of the Sun’s rays and direct the light where needed; perhaps out into space. By having continuously overlapping trajectories, the system of mirrors provides a greying and smoothing effect where small changes spread out along an area so that positive control of weather extremes is maintained, but not noticeably from day to day. Weather would be published in advance like “TV Guide” for television.

Method of Production:

Raw materials from Earth, or harvested in space, are transported to a space-based factory that assembles/deploys/maintains the mirrors. (perhaps in the vicinity of a space elevator)

Stage 1: Centrifugal Mirror Stator

The radiation resistant mirror substrate is created by any number of different processes. For instance, in the vacuum and micro-gravity of space, extruding compounds can be performed very precisely.

A motor turns a hub six feet in diameter at some slow speed (extrusion under centrifugal force). A precision non-stick variable slot is machined continuously around the outside edge of the hub along its radius. A large pipe-like void is created connecting the slot at the edge of the hub, with a rotary joint to supply the mirror substrate compound (all machined on Earth). The heated and/or epoxy mixture of compounds is extruded into the slowly rotating cavity where it is pushed out through the outside precision slot (done in orbit). The centrifugal force pulls the compound out to a growing radius. The liquid compound has a high surface tension and holds together like a soap bubble.

The liquid compound is not conductive but has metal particulate to help shield the control elements on the opposite side of the mirror from ionizing radiation, and to provide electrostatic elements for pushing and pulling on during manufacture.

The rotation rate of the hub decreases as the extruded compound begins to solidify on its journey away from the center of the extrusion hub to limit the centrifugal forces. The temperature and/or hardening agent of the mixture is actively controlled to time the events so that the entire sheet sets up into a solid at the same moment, or at a rate where the inside edge solidifies at a slightly faster rate then the outside edge of the extrusion.

The hub is then disconnected from supply apparatus and the hub is used as the physical structure to house the control/communications package. The thickness of the membrane is thicker near the hub to support the local loading and bending moments. The extrusion slot is made adjustable to actively control the membrane thickness during its extrusion.

The liquid compound supply apparatus is removed from the hub. The mirror membrane is now permanently attached to the center hub. The compound supply apparatus is fitted with another hub and a new mirror substrate begins its manufacturing process.

Stage 2: Electrostatic Force Strain Apparatus (EFSA)

In space there are solar winds to apply forces to the mirror substrate while it is being manufactured. These forces are small but they need to be neutralized to prevent the mirror from having blemishes (wrinkles) in its surface.

The EFSA is laid parallel to the rays of the Sun. The rotating mirror substrate is maneuvered into the center of the EFSA. The EFSA is energized and the rotating mirror substrate is slowed to a stop.

The mirror would normally spin while in operation and the tendency of the mirror would be to flatten out. But during construction, the centrifugal forces would increase the complexity of applying the coatings and control elements.

Two parallel meshes of small ultra fine wires are formed in space in a large diameter; connected at the outer edges by rigid structures. The wires are charged with varying polarities in each opposing array, imparting controllable forces between the wire mesh arrays, and upon the mirror substrate. Through control of differential electrostatic charges, the basic shape of a mirror substrate laying between the mesh arrays can be automatically shaped by pushing and pulling on the mirror substrate surfaces. This allows for working on the mirror without centrifugal forces.

Stressing the wire mesh by differential electrostatic potentials provides an active control mechanism to remove the “wrinkles” of the mirror while applying the coatings and mechanical control elements to the mirror substrate.

Atomized materials are dispersed by electrostatic application, similar to powder coatings. Layered coatings are applied to the control side of the mirror substrate to create the active control elements for focusing the mirror.

A reflective coating is applied onto the reflective side of the mirror substrate.

Piezo-electric compounds (particulate under electromagnetic stress) and conductive pathways are preferentially applied. Metal particles are sprayed to provide the conductive pathways using electrostatic application. Capacitive components, charged networks, and common ground shielding provides piezo force stability in the ionizing radiation environment.

Alternatively, piezo-electric materials or nano-tube muscle wires, and the electrical pathways can be embedded in the mirror substrate as it is being extruded. However, the expansion rates of the liquid substrate must be taken into account.

Alternate Control Scheme:

MEMS technology allows for trillions of small devices to be produced that can be preferentially oriented as they are sprayed onto the mirror substrate. A loop of nanotubes can be addressably controlled from energy collected by induction near adjacent embedded wires. These loops can increase or decrease in diameter whenever the RFID-like device recieves a signal with it’s address. To compare an example, 36 unique addresses uniquely describe coordinates separated every 3 feet in the United States.


The control elements allow the active control of the surface of the mirror to provide precision control over the light reflected. In this way, even with imperfections in manufacturing and minor damage from space debris, the majority of the mirror will still function as designed.

The center of the mirror, the hub, is then outfitted with a mechanical control and communications package. A series of criss-crossed wires provide the electrical connections for controlling the piezo-electric manipulation elements. A gasketed pressurized cabin clamps around and through the hub to allow technicians to make the electrical connections and mount control hardware, free of space suits.

A small portion of the mirror is made into a solar array to power the mechanism, or a solar array is attached directly to the control/communication package. The intent is to have thousands of these mirrors, so most likely the mirror will sail its trajectory. Manufacturing thousands of mirrors would be like manufacturing thousands of cars. Mass production techniques makes this practical.

To create a somewhat rigid surface, the mirror may or may not be caused to rotate. Causing a tightening of the surfaces similar to what happens to a string, when slinging a weight on the end of that string in a circular path.

Once set into rotation, mirrors may be coated with different chemicals to cause different frequencies of light to be reflected, or limit the angle of reflection to allow further control of the reflected light and perhaps provide additional protection for the mirror surfaces. Different versions of mirrors would be uniquely designed for certain performance characteristics. For instance:

  • A prizm-like effect is produceable by using various coatings. This might reflect both low and high frequency light away from the Earth, while pouring only the visible spectrum of light onto an area on the Earth.
  • Infrared might be selected specific to providing ground-based solar collection stations with power. The infrared spectrum would allow producing power even in mildly clouded conditions.
  • Perhaps the direct conversion of photons into microwave energy.

Calibration of the mirror is accomplished by precisely positioning lasers stationary to the mirror hub and rotating the mirror. As the laser beam passes over the mirror surface the deviation of the reflection is recorded and the piezo electric (or other control) elements are manipulated to compensate. The mirror is then calibrated for flatness, and specific desired curvatures as anticipated for its anticipated orbital trajectories.

Once deployed, a robotic system can rendevous with mirrors to autonomously check calibration. This is a natural consequence of technology.

Methods of Application:

Additional solar energy higher in the atmosphere may provide for clear skies to allow more radiation from the surface to escape into space; cooling effect.

Mirrors reflect light away from the Earth; cooling effect.

Mirrors illuminate a portion of the Earth; heating effect.

Almost all weather is a function of temperature differentials.

Potential Benefits:

Control of flight related weather windows.

Far less weather related damaged infrastructure here on Earth (almost a trillion dollars saved annually)

This system provides more opportunities for space-based industries to develop.

Global Warming is REVERSED and controlled (all weather controlled).

Produces an abundance of clean energy; more than is presently used on the entire planet; virtually eliminating all human produced greenhouse gas emissions.

Commercial enterprise and space-based industry collaborate while the Government provides ethical oversight.

Emergency rescue resources; rain and retarding winds over forest fires, light during the night for rescue operations, passive reflectors for communication efforts, globally dispersed sensor systems, …

Potential Detractor:

Building the Weather Control System is inexpensive because it has immediate payback potential. However, misuse of the system could permanently damage micro-environments. An Ethical Oversight Committee would need to be put in place to ensure ethical use and implementation of induced weather phenomena.

Of particular importance is that an unstable condition is not created whereby the loss of the mirror system from an extraordinarily large solar flare or asteroid field strikes would cause environment failures on Earth. We must maintain naturally stable environments, and just use the WCS to make minor adjustments to prevent momentary out of control failure of our environments.

If a large volcano erupts, a small asteroid strikes the Earth, or the Earth’s magnetic field flips, we would be able to optimize the weather until the natural balances are restored.

Call Back instead of On-Hold

November 27, 2008

Call Back instead of On-Hold
~James Dunn

Whether it is a cell phone, a land line, or voice over IP (internet phone), being put on hold is a major waste of time for all involved.

All telephone companies can easily provide a service to allow the called party to return your telephone call, without having to reveal their phone number (for those that want privacy), after coming back online from an On-Hold status.

How it would work:

  • You call someone and for some reason information needs to be looked up
  • The calling party puts you On-Hold
  • You press *2w8 and the phone system hangs up your phone
  • The calling party phone is still active
  • When the phone company computer hears the calling party pick up the phone
    • then the phone company calls you
    • and the calling party is told to “wait one moment please”
  • When you answer your phone you continue your conversation.

No more having to wait for long periods of time in a phone quque.

No more burning up needless cell phone minutes.

Method of controlling rotation of WCS mirror
~James Dunn

Creating a global Weather Control System (WCS)

There is a need for the Weather Control System (WCS) mirror to control the rate of rotation.

Uses for rotating the mirror might include: increasing mirror rigidity, sliding collected space debris to the edge (dust), creating a flashing beacon to help non-instrumented maritime and sports navigation, …

During the manufacture of the mirror in an extruded process the outside diameter of the mirror may not have a uniform dimension. As the solar winds push against the mirror, there will be a difference in the forces produced across the mirror. If the mirror is rotating, the forces are averaged over time to have a uniform effect upon the mirror.

The mirror is dynamically focusable. So the control elements can cause the mirror surface to undulate similar to waves. By positioning the mirror at some angle from the Sun to allow one side of the mirror to recieve more solar wind than the other, the mirror will rotate.

Also, the control elements can dynamically manipulate surfaces to disproportionally make surfaces more perpendicular to the solar wind and cause rotation.

The warping of the mirror provides the differential forces necessary to position the sail area of the mirror for maneuvering in space.